Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

證名。一側或兩側脅肋部疼痛。出《素問·繆刺論》等篇。《濟生方·脅痛》:“多因疲極嗔怒,悲哀煩惱,謀慮驚憂,致傷肝臟。既傷,積氣攻註,攻於左則左脅痛,攻於右則右脅痛,移逆兩脅,則兩脅俱痛。”《赤水玄珠》卷四將脅痛病因分為風寒、食積、痰飲、死血、虛、氣鬱、火數種。《景岳全書·雜證謨》:“脅痛之病本屬肝膽二經,以二經之脈皆循脅肋故也。然而心、肺、脾、胃、腎與膀胱亦皆有脅痛之病。”應辨外感內傷。寒邪在少陽經,脅痛耳聾而嘔,有寒熱表證者方是外感。如無表證,悉屬內傷。《醫宗必讀·心腹諸痛》中以左脅痛多留血,右脅痛多痰氣。腎虧氣虛亦可致脅痛,《醫碥·脅肋痛》:“房勞傷腎,氣虛血滯,胸脅多有隱隱作痛。”他如暑熱、濕熱、肝陰虛、肝血虛及肝腎不足,均可導致脅痛。詳有關各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

防風

防風

Ledebouriella Root, Siler, Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root, Root Of Divaricate Saposhnikovia

白芍

白芍

Radixpaeoniaealba

當歸

當歸

Angelica Root State Of Return, Radixangelicaesinensis, Chinese Angelica

赤芍

赤芍

Red Peony Root, Radix Paeoniae Rubra

川芎

川芎

Szechuan Lovage Root, Rhizomachuanxiong, Szechuan Lovage Rhizome, Rhizome Of Szechuan Lovage

桔梗

桔梗

Platycodon Root

龍膽

龍膽

Chin.Gentian Root, Dragon Gallbladder Herb

神麴

神麴

Medicatedleaven

芫花

芫花

Lilac Daphne Flower Bud, Flowerbud Of Lilac Daphne, Flosgenkwa, Lilac Daphne Flower Bud, Flower Bud Of Lilac Daphne

麥芽

麥芽

Barley Sprout, Malt, Fructushordeigerminatus

木香

木香

Wood Fragrance, Costus Root, Common Vladimiria Root, Costustoot

枳實

枳實

Immature Fruit Of Bitter Orange, Fructusaurantiiimmaturus, Immature Bitter Orange, Immature Sweet Orange

川楝子

川楝子

Sichuan Pagoda Tree Fruit, Chinaberry, Melia, Fructus Toosendan, Szechwan Chinaberry Fruit

佛手柑

佛手柑

Finger Citron

柑葉

柑葉

Mandarin Orange Leaf