Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。亦作嗝噎。《濟生方》卷二:“陰陽平均,氣順痰下,嗝噎之疾,無由作矣。”《內經》中有多種說法。如隔、鬲、膈中、隔塞、鬲咽。《備急千金要方》稱作噎塞,又名膈噎、噎、膈、膈氣。1.指進食受阻,飲食未曾入胃即吐出者。《醫貫》卷五:“噎膈者,飢欲得食,但噎塞迎逆於咽喉胸膈之間,在胃口之上,未曾入胃即帶痰涎而出。”2.指飲食隔阻不得下,大便閉結不得出者。《醫學入門》卷五:“飲食不下而大便不通,名膈噎。”3.指反胃。《丹溪心法》卷三:“翻胃即膈噎,膈噎乃翻胃之漸。”本病多由憂思鬱怒或酒食所傷而致,亦有虛實之分。《金匱翼》卷三:“噎膈之病,有虛有實。實者或痰或血,附著胃脘,與氣相搏,翳膜外裹,或復吐出,膈氣暫寬,旋復如初。虛者津枯不澤,氣少不充,胃脘乾癟,食澀不下,虛則潤養,實則疏瀹,不可不辨也。”因憂思氣結,痰氣交阻者,治宜解鬱化痰,方用啟膈散。津虧熱結,失於濡養,治宜滋養津液,方用五汁安中飲加味。酒色過度,腎陰虧損者,治宜滋補腎陰,方用六味地黃丸。陰虛火旺,瘀血內結者,治宜滋陰養血,破結行瘀,方用通幽湯。病程日久,脾虛陽微者,治宜益氣健脾,方用補氣運脾湯。噎膈一證,古人發為五噎、五膈及外感噎膈,內傷噎膈。根據證情不同,又有隔食、格氣、梅核膈等。詳見有關各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

甘遂

甘遂

Kansui Root - Sweet Process, Radixkansui, Gansuiroot, Root Of Gansui, Root Of Kansui, Gansui Root, Root Of Gansui, Root Of Kansui

蘆根

蘆根

Reed Rhizome

白荳蔻

白荳蔻

Round Cardamon Fruit, White Cardamon, Cardamom, Cluster, Katsumadai Seed, Round Cardamom, Fruit Java Amomum, Round Cardamom Fruit, Round Cardamon Seed, Semen Amomi Cardamomi

高良薑

高良薑

Lesser Galangal Rhizome, Galanga (Thai Food)

威靈仙

威靈仙

Awesome Spiritual Immortal, Clematis Root, Root Of Chinese Clematis, Root Of Sixpetal Clematis, Clematis Root, Root Of Chinese Clematis, Root Of Sixpetal Clematis

昆布

昆布

Lluslaminariae, Kelp, Tangle

五靈脂

五靈脂

Flying Squirrel Feces, Pteropus, Wing Or Feather, Trogopterus Dung, Dung Of Complex-Toothed Flying Squirrel

韭菜

韭菜

Leeks, Leaf Of Tuber Oniom

梨

Pear, Fruit Of Bretschneider Pear, Fruit Of Sand Pear, Fruit Of Ussurian Pear

蒲公英

蒲公英

Mongolian Dandelion Herb, Mongolian Dandelion Herb, Herba Taraxaci

竹茹

竹茹

Caulisbambusaeintaeniam, Bambooshavings

檀香

檀香

Heartwood Of Sandalwood,

砂仁

砂仁

Grains Of Paradise Fruit, Cardamom, Fructusamomi, Villous Amomrum Fruit Cocklebur-Like Amomum Fruit, Fruit Of Villous Amomum, Villous Amomrum Fruit Cocklebur-Like Amomum Fruit, Fruit Of Villous Amomum

甘蔗

甘蔗

Sugar Cane

魚蝨子

魚蝨子

Autoeciousness Of Fish

佛手柑

佛手柑

Finger Citron