Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。出《素問·五常政大論》。《靈樞·本輸》稱為閉癃。《類證治裁·閉癃遺溺》:“閉者小便不通,癃者小便不利。”凡小便排出甚少或完全無尿排出者,統稱癃閉。可由肺熱壅盛,熱結膀胱,水道阻塞,氣虛,肝鬱氣滯,陰液不足,腎陽虛衰,轉胞等所致。肺熱壅盛,失於肅降,不能通調水道,下輸膀胱,則見小便點滴而下,或全然不通,並伴有呼吸急促,咽乾,煩渴欲飲,苔薄黃,脈數等症。治宜清肺潤燥,通利水道。方用清肺飲。或用探吐法。熱結膀胱,氣化失調,則小便量少而熱赤,甚至閉塞不出,小腹急滿脹痛,渴不多飲,舌苔黃,脈數,治宜清熱通利。方用八正散、通關瞿麥湯、滋腎通關丸等方。敗精瘀血阻塞水道,則見尿閉不出,或滴瀝而下,或見瘀點,脈細澀或細數。治宜行瘀散結,通利水道。方用代抵當丸、桃仁承氣湯、牛膝膏、蒲灰散等方。氣虛、氣滯、陰液不足、命門火衰、轉胞所致者,詳見氣虛小便不利、氣閉小便不利、陰虛小便不利、陽虛小便不利等條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

木瓜

木瓜

Chinese Quince Fruit, Wood Melon, Fructuschaenomelis, Common Floweringquince Fruit, Fruit Of Common Floweringquince

萹蓄

萹蓄

Knotweed, Polygonum, Herba Polygoni Avicularis

桔梗

桔梗

Platycodon Root

燈心草

燈心草

Rush Pith, Juncus, Medullajunci, Commonrush, Common Rush

車前子

車前子

Plantageseeds-Before The Cart Seeds, Semenplantaginis, Plantain Seed

茯苓

茯苓

Tuckahoe, China-Root, Poria Indian Buead, Tuckahoe, Indian Buead, Tuckahoe

川牛膝

川牛膝

Sichuan Ox Knee, Radix Cyathulae

滑石

滑石

Talcum, Slippery Rock, Talcpowder, Talc, Talc Powder

琥珀

琥珀

Amber

浮萍

浮萍

Herbaspirodelae, Common Ducksmeat Herb, Common Ducksmeat Herb

石韋

石韋

Pyrossia Lingua, Stone Reed, Pyrrosia Leaf, Leaf Of Shearer S Pyrrosia, Leaf Of Japanese Felt Fern

木通

木通

Clematis, Akebia Stem

澤瀉

澤瀉

Water Plantain, Alisma, Marsh Drain, Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome, Rhizome Of Oriental Waterplantain, Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome, Rhizome Of Oriental Waterplantain

鬱李仁

鬱李仁

Yu Li Ren, Chinese Dwarf Cherry Seed Dwarf Flowering Cherry Seed Longstalk Peach Seed, Seed Of Chinese Dwarf Cherry, Seed Of Bunge Cherry, Seed Of Dwarf Flowering Cherry, Seed Of Chinese Bushcherry, Seed Of Down

豚卵

豚卵

Pig S Testis