Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。見《濟生方》。宋以前有腸澼、赤白沃、熱利、痢病、下痢(或“痢”)、滯下等名稱。《醫碥》卷三:“痢由濕熱所致,或飲食濕熱之物,或感受濕熱之氣,積於腸胃,則正為邪阻,脾胃之運行失常,於是飲食日益停滯,化為敗濁,膠粘腸胃之中,運行之機,益以不利,氣鬱為火,與所受濕熱之氣混合為邪,攻刺作痛,……”有腹痛瀉次頻仍,下利赤白粘凍,里急後重等症。後世更明確指出痢疾多由飲食不潔,感受疫毒之氣,使腸道產生積滯,傳導失常所致,當辨其虛實分別論治。而痢疾所下之赤白粘凍,《醫學原理·痢門》謂:“其赤者血分受傷,屬於小腸;白者氣分受傷,屬於大腸。”《明醫指掌》:“濕熱之積,乾於血分則赤,乾於氣分則白。”在臨床上,實證宜清熱化濕,涼血解毒,消積導滯為法。邪盛正虛者,宜祛邪扶正,兼用行血調氣,此所謂“行血則便膿自愈,調氣則後重自除”,虛證當補中益氣,溫陽固澀。痢疾又可分為多種,按不同的病因、癥候(包括症情輕重和病程以及下痢之色),大致有暑痢、濕熱痢、風痢、疫痢、氣痢、毒痢、熱痢、寒痢、噤口痢、久痢、休息痢、奇恆痢、赤痢、白痢、赤白痢、五色痢等多種,中醫所說之痢疾,既等同於現代醫學的痢疾,也包括阿米巴痢、潰瘍性結腸炎、過敏性結腸炎及其他一些腸道感染、中毒等引致的腸道傳化、吸收功能失調的疾病。參見痢疾各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

大青葉

大青葉

Woad Leaf - Big Green Leaf, Foliumisatidis, Indigowoad Leaf, Leaf Of Indigowoad

蔥白

蔥白

Scallion Or Green Onion, Fistular Onion Stalk

木瓜

木瓜

Chinese Quince Fruit, Wood Melon, Fructuschaenomelis, Common Floweringquince Fruit, Fruit Of Common Floweringquince

青蒿

青蒿

Herba Artemisia Annuae

大棗

大棗

Chinese Date, Jujubebig Date

白花蛇舌草

白花蛇舌草

White-Patterned Snake, Agkristodon Acutus Zoolog, Spreading Hedyotis Herb

蒼朮

蒼朮

Rhizome Of Swordlike Atractylodes, Rhizome Chinese Atractylodes, Rhizome Japanese Atractylodes, Rhizome Korea Atractylodes, Rhizome Of Simplicifolious Atractylode

白笈

白笈

Bletilla Rhizome

烏梅

烏梅

Mume Fruit, Dark Plum, Fructusmume, Dark Plum Fruit, Smoked Plum, Dark Plum

川椒

川椒

Szechuan Pepper, Chinese Prickly-Ash, Pericarpiumzanthoxyli, Pricklyash Peel, Peel Of Peppertree Pricklyash, Peel Of Bunge Pricklyash

葛根

葛根

Kudzu Root, Pueraria, Arrowroot, Root Of Lobed Kudzuvine, Root Of Thomson Kudzuvine, Kudzuvine Root

紅棗

紅棗

Chinese Date, Jujube, Big Date

海桐皮

海桐皮

Coral Bean Bark, Bark Of Oriental Variegated Coralbean, Bark Of Himalayan Coralbean, Bark Of Oriental Variegated Coralbean, Bark Of Himalayan Coralbean

漏蘆

漏蘆

Radixrhapontici, Uniflower Swisscentaury Root, Root Of Broadleaf Globethistle

蘇木

蘇木

Lignumsappan, Sappanwood, Sappan Wood