Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病證名。出《肘後備急方》卷五。又名陰門癢、外陰瘙癢。指婦女外陰及陰中搔癢,甚則波及肛門周圍,癢痛難忍,坐卧不寧。多因脾虛濕盛,鬱久化熱,濕熱蘊結,註於下焦;或憂思鬱怒,肝鬱生熱,挾濕下註;或因外陰不潔,久坐濕地,病蟲乘虛侵襲所致;或年老體弱,肝腎陰虛,精血虧耗,血虛生風化燥,而致外陰干澀作癢。臨床以濕熱為患為多見。症見外陰搔癢難忍,帶下量多而腥臭,外陰濕潤,局部或有滲出物,胸悶心煩納減,治宜清熱利濕,方用萆薢滲濕湯,或龍膽瀉肝湯;肝腎陰虛者,症見外陰干澀搔癢難忍,或有灼熱感,甚則五心煩熱,頭暈目眩,腰酸耳鳴等,治宜滋陰瀉火,祛風止癢,方用知柏地黃湯加味。局部可用蛇床子、川椒、枯礬、苦參、百部、生艾葉、杏仁,水煎熏洗。《婦人大全良方》主張內服龍膽瀉肝丸、逍遙散,外以桃仁研膏和雄黃末,或雞肝納陰中以殺其蟲。或針刺陰廉、曲骨、三陰交。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

萹蓄

萹蓄

Knotweed, Polygonum, Herba Polygoni Avicularis

百部

百部

Sessilestemonaroot, Japanese Stemona Root, Tuber Stemona Root, Sessile Stemona Root, Japanese Stemona Root, Tuber Stemona Root

仙鶴草

仙鶴草

Hairyvein Agrimonia Herband Bud, Herb Of Hairyvein Agrimonia

川椒

川椒

Szechuan Pepper, Chinese Prickly-Ash, Pericarpiumzanthoxyli, Pricklyash Peel, Peel Of Peppertree Pricklyash, Peel Of Bunge Pricklyash

杜仲

杜仲

Eucommia Bark

黃柏

黃柏

Yellow Fir - It Is The Bark, Bark Of Chinese Corktree, Amur Corktree Bark

土茯苓

土茯苓

Greenbriar Rhizome, Smilax, Rhizomasmilacisglabrae, Glabrous Green Brier Rhizome, Rhizome Of Glabrous Greenbrier, Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome, Rhizome Of Glabrous Greenbrier

五加皮

五加皮

Bark Of Five Additions-Acanthopanax Root Bark, Cortexacanthopanacis, Sessilefloweracanthopanaxbark, Slenderstyleacanthopanaxbark, Manyprickleacantopanaxroot, Root-Barkofsessilefloweracanthopanax,

地膚子

地膚子

Broom Cypress Or Kochia Fruit, Earth Skin Seeds, Fructuskochiae

白頭翁

白頭翁

Radixpulsatillae, Chinese Pulsatilla Root, Root Of Chinese Pulsatilla, Chinese Pulsatilla Root, Root Of Chinese Pulsatilla

貓兒屎

貓兒屎

Root Of Farges Decaisnea

崗松

崗松

Leaf Of Shrubby Baeckea