Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。眩,視物黑暗不明、頭覺昏亂;暈,感覺自身與周圍景物旋轉。兩者並見,統稱眩暈。見《三因極一病證方論·眩暈證治》。又稱眩運、頭旋眼花。《證治匯補·眩暈章》:“其狀目暗,耳鳴,如立舟車之上,起則欲倒,不省人事。蓋眩者言視物皆黑,暈者言視物皆轉,二者兼有,方曰眩暈。”《醫碥·眩暈》:“眩,惑亂也,從目從玄。玄,黑暗也,謂眼見黑暗也,虛人久蹲陡起,眼多黑暗是也;暈與運同,旋轉也,所見之物皆旋轉如飛,世謂之頭旋是也。”因外感六淫,內傷七情,或氣血衰弱,臟腑陰陽失調等所致。《東醫寶鑒·外形篇》:“眩暈,有風,有熱,有痰,有氣,有虛,有濕。”劉河間主風火,謂“風氣甚,而頭目眩運者,由風木旺,必是金衰不能制木,而木復生火。風火皆屬陽,多為兼化,陽主乎動,兩動相搏,則為之旋轉”(《素問玄機原病式·五運主病》)。朱丹溪主痰,謂“無痰則不作眩”(《丹溪心法·頭眩》)。張景岳主虛,謂“無虛不能作眩”(《景岳全書·雜證謨》)。根據病因、癥狀之不同,分為風暈、濕暈、痰暈、中暑眩暈、燥火眩暈、氣鬱眩暈、肝火眩暈、虛暈等條,辨證治療詳見各條。本證見於周圍性及中樞性眩暈、耳源性眩暈、顱內血管性病變、藥物中毒及暈動病等。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

肉荳蔻

肉荳蔻

Nutmeg Seeds, Fleshy Cardamom

當歸

當歸

Angelica Root State Of Return, Radixangelicaesinensis, Chinese Angelica

葛根

葛根

Kudzu Root, Pueraria, Arrowroot, Root Of Lobed Kudzuvine, Root Of Thomson Kudzuvine, Kudzuvine Root

白芍

白芍

Radixpaeoniaealba

薄荷

薄荷

Mentha, Field Mint, Wild Mint, Herb Of Wild Mint, Peppermint

柴胡

柴胡

Hare'S Ear Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root, Red Thorowax Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root

牡蠣

牡蠣

Oyster Shell, Aged Or Fresh

半夏

半夏

Pinellia Rhizome, Half Summer, Tuberofpinellia, Pinellia Tuber, Tuber Of Pinellia

阿膠

阿膠

Donkey-Hide Glue, Colla Corii Asini, Asini Corii Gelatinum, Ass-Hide Glue, Dondey-Hide Gelatin, Donkey-Hide Root, Ejiao Gelatin, Gelatinum Corii Asini, Ass-Hide Glue, Colla Corii Asini, Asini Corii Gelatinum, Gelatinum Corii Asini

山茱萸

山茱萸

Cornelian Cherry Fruit, Cornus, Fructuscorni, Common Macrocarpium Fruit, Fruit Of Common Macrocarpium, Fruit Of Japanesecornel Dogwood, Fruit Of Asiatic Cornelian Cherry, Common Macrocarpium Fruit, Fruit Of Common Macrocarpium, Fruit Of Japanese Cornel Dogwood, Fruit Of Asiatic Cornelian Cherry

白朮

白朮

Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome, Rhizome Of Largehead Atractylodes

菊花

菊花

Chrysanthemum Flower

鹿茸

鹿茸

Velvet Of Your Deer Antler, Hairyantler, Hairydeerhorn, Hairy Antler, Hairy Deerhorn

荷葉

荷葉

Lotus Leaf, Foliumnelumbinis

龍膽

龍膽

Chin.Gentian Root, Dragon Gallbladder Herb

澤瀉

澤瀉

Water Plantain, Alisma, Marsh Drain, Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome, Rhizome Of Oriental Waterplantain, Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome, Rhizome Of Oriental Waterplantain