Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病證名。聽力減退,或完全喪失聽力者。出《陰陽十一脈灸經》。由腎虛精脫,肝膽火上炎等因所致。《靈樞·決氣》:“精脫者,耳聾。”《素問·臟氣法時論》:“肝病者,……氣逆,則頭痛,耳聾不聰、頰腫。”《醫學心悟·耳》:“凡傷寒邪熱耳聾者,屬少陽證,小柴胡湯主之。”耳聾宜辨虛實。虛證多為腎虛精氣不足,分腎虛耳聾、氣虛耳聾,久聾、虛聾等。實證因風熱,痰火、肝火所致,分風熱耳聾、痰火耳聾、肝火耳聾等。耳聾有虛實之分。 <br><br>1.實性耳聾常有以下幾種病因。一是由風熱所致者,治宜疏風清熱,可用銀翹散加減;二是由風寒所致者,宜發表散寒,方用九味羌活湯加減;三是由肝火上炎所致者,宜清瀉肝火,方用龍膽瀉肝湯加減;四是由濕溫所致者,宜芳香化濕,方用竹茹溫膽湯加減。 2.虛性耳聾常由氣虛、血虛、陰虛等所致,耳聾多經久不愈。氣虛所致者,耳聾多伴有肢体倦怠等症,宜補中益氣,方用補中益氣湯加減;血虛所致者,耳聾常伴面色蒼白無華等癥狀,宜補血益精,方用歸脾湯加減;肝腎陰虛所致者,宜滋補肝腎,方用大補陰丸加減。此外,外傷也可致耳聾,應積極對症治療。《景岳全書》卷二十七認為:“耳聾證……其證有五,曰火閉、曰氣閉、曰邪閉、曰竅閉、曰虛閉。”但總歸為虛實兩種類型。參見耳聾有關各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

杏仁

杏仁

Xin Ren, Bitter Apricot Seed

骨碎補

骨碎補

Mender Of Shattered Bones, Rhizomadrynariae

山茱萸

山茱萸

Cornelian Cherry Fruit, Cornus, Fructuscorni, Common Macrocarpium Fruit, Fruit Of Common Macrocarpium, Fruit Of Japanesecornel Dogwood, Fruit Of Asiatic Cornelian Cherry, Common Macrocarpium Fruit, Fruit Of Common Macrocarpium, Fruit Of Japanese Cornel Dogwood, Fruit Of Asiatic Cornelian Cherry

麝香

麝香

Musk, Navel Gland Secretions Of Musk Deer

柴胡

柴胡

Hare'S Ear Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root, Red Thorowax Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root

黃耆

黃耆

Milk-Vetch Root

葛根

葛根

Kudzu Root, Pueraria, Arrowroot, Root Of Lobed Kudzuvine, Root Of Thomson Kudzuvine, Kudzuvine Root

連翹

連翹

Forsythia Fruit

磁石

磁石

Magnetitum, Magnetite

鵝不食草

鵝不食草

Small Centipeda Herb, Herbacentipedae, Small Centipeda Herb

石菖蒲

石菖蒲

Sweetflag Rhizome, Acorus, Grassleaf Sweelflag Rhizome, Drug Sweetflag Rhizome, Rhizome Of Grassleaf Sweelflag, Grassleaf Sweelflag Rhizome, Drug Sweetflag Rhizome, Rhizome Of Grassleaf Sweelflag

熟地黃

熟地黃

Foxglove Root In Wine, Cooked Earth Yellow, Preparedrhizome Of Adhesive Rehmannia, Prepared Rhizome Of Adhesive Rehmannia

天門冬

天門冬

Lush Winter Ariel Plant, Cochinchinese Asparagus Root, Root Of Cochinchinese Asparagus

冰片

冰片

Bing Peng

豬腎

豬腎

Pig S Kidney

巴豆

巴豆

Fructuscrotonis, Roton, Crotonseed, Crotontiglium, Fructus Crotonis, Purgingcroton, Semen Crotonis, Croton, Croton Seed, Croton Tiglium, Fructus Crotonis, Purging Croton, Semen Crotonis