Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。即《肘後備急方》卷三。古風緩風、壅疾,又稱腳弱。因外感濕邪風毒,或飲食厚味所傷,積濕生熱,流註腿腳而致病。其證先見腿腳麻木,酸痛,軟弱無力,或攣急,或腫脹,或萎枯,或發熱,進而入腹攻心,小腹不仁,嘔吐不食,心悸,胸悶,氣喘,神志恍惚,語言錯亂等。治宜宣壅逐濕為主,或兼祛風清熱,調血行氣等法。《醫學正傳·腳氣》:“故為治者,宜通用蒼術、白術之類以治其濕,知母、黃柏、條芩之類以去其熱,當歸、芍藥、生地黃之類以調其血,木瓜、檳榔之類以行其氣,羌活、獨活以利關節而散風濕,兼用木通、防己、川牛膝之類引藥下行及消腫去濕。”常用方劑如雞鳴散、濟生檳榔湯、防己飲等。《肘後備急方》、《備急千金要方》等方書中,有大豆、烏豆、赤豆治腳氣的記載,可用作輔助療法。腳氣有乾腳氣、濕腳氣之分。濕腳氣中又有寒濕腳氣、濕痰腳氣、濕熱腳氣、濕毒腳氣等。此外,還有風毒腳氣、瘴毒腳氣、腳氣沖心、腳氣入腹、腳氣迫肺等多種類型。又有按六經分類者。詳見各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

山藥

山藥

Mountain Herb, Rhizomadioscoreae, Common Yam Rhizomewinged Yan Rhizome, Rhizome Of Common Yam

蔥白

蔥白

Scallion Or Green Onion, Fistular Onion Stalk

甘遂

甘遂

Kansui Root - Sweet Process, Radixkansui, Gansuiroot, Root Of Gansui, Root Of Kansui, Gansui Root, Root Of Gansui, Root Of Kansui

烏藥

烏藥

Lindera Root, Combined Spicebush Root, Root Of Combined Spicebush

吳茱萸

吳茱萸

Evodia Fruit, Medcinal Evodia Fruit, Fruit Of Medicinal Evodia, Medcinal Evodia Fruit, Fruit Of Medicinal Evodia

香附

香附

Nut-Grass Rhizome, Cyperus Nut-Grass Appendage, Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, Rhizome Of Nutgrass Galingale

百合

百合

Hundred Meetings, Bulbuslilii, Lance Leaf Lily Bulb Greenish Lily Bulblow Lily Bulb, Greenishlily, Lanceleaf Lily Bulb Greenish Lily Bulblow Lily Bulb, Greenish Lily

白芥子

白芥子

White Mustard Seed, White Mustard Seed

白茅根

白茅根

Rhizome Of Woolly Grasee, White Grass, Rhizomaimperatae, Lalang Grass Rhizome, Rhizome Of Lalang Grass

檳榔

檳榔

Betel Nut, Arecaseed, Betelnut

萆薢

萆薢

Sevenlo Bedyam Rhizome, Foochow Yam Rhizome, Mountain Yamrhizome, Hypoglaucous Collettyam Rhizome, Sevenlobed Yam Rhizome, Foochow Yam Rhizome, Mountain Yam Rhizome, Hypoglaucous Collett Yam Rhizome

木瓜

木瓜

Chinese Quince Fruit, Wood Melon, Fructuschaenomelis, Common Floweringquince Fruit, Fruit Of Common Floweringquince

薄荷

薄荷

Mentha, Field Mint, Wild Mint, Herb Of Wild Mint, Peppermint

枸杞子

枸杞子

Chinese Wolfberry Fruit, Fructuslycii, Barbary Wolf Berry Fruit, Fruit Of Barbary Wolfberry, Fruit Of Matcmlibimonyvine, Barbary Wolfberry Fruit,

黃柏

黃柏

Yellow Fir - It Is The Bark, Bark Of Chinese Corktree, Amur Corktree Bark

杜仲

杜仲

Eucommia Bark