Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。指外感風寒等外邪或因時令不正而致病。見《丹溪心法·中寒》。《醫理真傳》卷一:“夫病而曰外感者,病邪由外而入內也。外者何?風寒暑濕燥火六淫之氣也。”臨床上當分輕重、寒熱。《證治要訣》卷二:“感冒為病,亦有風寒二證,即是傷寒外證初起之輕者,故以感冒名之。”臨床以惡風寒、噴嚏、鼻塞、流涕、頭痛、全身酸楚等症為多見,或有發熱,或有咳嗽,或見咽癢、咽痛。風寒感冒,宜辛溫解表,用蔥豉湯、荊防敗毒散等方;風熱感冒者,宜辛涼解表,用銀翹散、桑菊飲等方;虛人感冒,宜參蘇飲。感冒呈流行趨勢者,又名時行感冒,病情一般重於普通感冒,《七松岩集》:“凡感冒之病,以為輕淺,忽略不治,又兼飲食不節,葷酒不戒,以致輕病變重……”提示醫生和患者對此病不容輕視。參見風寒感冒、風熱感冒、時行感冒等條。又:感冒又有俗名傷風。李中梓在《醫宗必讀·傷風》中提出用消風散、神術散、川芎茶調散等方治療四時感冒、傷風、症見頭痛,鼻塞聲重,發熱惡寒等症;如兼見咳嗽涕唾稠粘,可選用桑菊飲、銀翹散、杏蘇散等方。如見惡寒甚而口渴、心煩、便秘、脈洪數者,可用清涼飲加減。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

麻黃

麻黃

Hemp Yellow

防風

防風

Ledebouriella Root, Siler, Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root, Root Of Divaricate Saposhnikovia

蟬蛻

蟬蛻

Cicada Moulting, Cicada Slough

大青葉

大青葉

Woad Leaf - Big Green Leaf, Foliumisatidis, Indigowoad Leaf, Leaf Of Indigowoad

淡豆豉

淡豆豉

Fermentedsoybean, Fermented Soybean

柴胡

柴胡

Hare'S Ear Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root, Red Thorowax Root, Root Of Chinese Thorowax, Root Of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root

蔥白

蔥白

Scallion Or Green Onion, Fistular Onion Stalk

蒼朮

蒼朮

Rhizome Of Swordlike Atractylodes, Rhizome Chinese Atractylodes, Rhizome Japanese Atractylodes, Rhizome Korea Atractylodes, Rhizome Of Simplicifolious Atractylode

沙參

沙參

Glehnia Sand Root

板藍根

板藍根

Woad Root, Radixisatidis, Indigowoad Root, Root Of Indigowoad, Indigowoad Root, Root Of Indigowoad

金銀花

金銀花

Honeysuckle Flower -Gold Silver Flower, Wild Honey Suckle Flower, Honey Suckle Flower, Japanese Honey Suckle, Honeysuckle Flower, Japanese Honeysuckle

荊芥

荊芥

Herba Schizonepetae, Fine Leaf Schizonepeta Herb, Herb Of Fine Leaf Schizonepeta

鈎藤

鈎藤

Hook Vine, Stems, Thorns Of Gambir Vine, Ramulusuncariaecumuncis, Gambir Plant

菊花

菊花

Chrysanthemum Flower

鵝不食草

鵝不食草

Small Centipeda Herb, Herbacentipedae, Small Centipeda Herb

雄黃

雄黃

Realgar