Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

證名。出《靈樞·玉版》、《靈樞·水脹》等篇。即腹部脹大或脹滿不適。《諸病源候論·腹脹候》:“腹脹者,由陽氣外虛、陰氣內積故也。陽氣外虛受風冷邪氣,風冷,陰氣也。冷積於府臟之間不散,與脾氣相壅,虛則脹,故腹滿而氣微喘。”《張氏醫通·脹滿》:“腹脹諸證,雖屬寒者多,屬熱者少,然世治脹,喜用辛溫散氣之藥。……有氣虛不能裹血,血散作脹,必其人大便不緊,或時結時溏,溏則稍減,結則漸加;小便清利,甚則渾白如泔,其脈緩大而滯,氣口益甚,慎不可用辛溫耗氣之藥,宜四君子去白術加木香、澤瀉、當歸、芍藥以固其氣中之血。有血虛不能斂氣,氣散作脹,必其人煩熱便燥,小便黃數,其脈浮數而弦,人迎尤甚,慎不可用苦寒傷胃之藥,宜四物湯去地黃加黃芪、肉桂、甘草、煨薑,以和其血中之氣。外因六氣成脹,藿香正氣散;內因七情成脹,沉香降氣散。憂思過度,致傷脾胃,心腹臌脹,喘促煩悶,腸鳴氣走,漉漉有聲,大小便不利,脈虛而澀,局方七氣湯。濁氣在上,則生(月真)脹,生薑瀉心湯加木香、厚樸。(《簡明醫彀》主張用木香順氣湯)。脾胃不溫,不能腐熟水谷而脹,附子理中湯。腎臟虛寒,不能生化脾土而脹,濟生腎氣丸。”對於憂思傷及心脾,腹脹兼有喘促、嘔逆、腸鳴、二便不利者。可用蘇子湯。它如食積、蟲積等亦可致腹脹。參見有關各條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

白荳蔻

白荳蔻

Round Cardamon Fruit, White Cardamon, Cardamom, Cluster, Katsumadai Seed, Round Cardamom, Fruit Java Amomum, Round Cardamom Fruit, Round Cardamon Seed, Semen Amomi Cardamomi

半夏

半夏

Pinellia Rhizome, Half Summer, Tuberofpinellia, Pinellia Tuber, Tuber Of Pinellia

檳榔

檳榔

Betel Nut, Arecaseed, Betelnut

香附

香附

Nut-Grass Rhizome, Cyperus Nut-Grass Appendage, Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome, Rhizome Of Nutgrass Galingale

射干

射干

Arrow Shaft, Belamcanda Rhizome, Stem, Blackberrylily Rhizome

大麥

大麥

Barley

使君子

使君子

Rangoon Creeper Fruit With Seeds, Rangooncreeper Fruit, Fruit Of Rangooncreeper

蒲種殼

蒲種殼

Pericarp Of Hispid Bottle Gourd

三輪蒿

三輪蒿

Herb Of Bicolored Pearleverlasting

無患子中仁

無患子中仁

Seed Of Chinese Soapbrry

姬蕨

姬蕨

Punctate Flake Fern

薑味草

薑味草

Twoflower Micromeria, Herb Of Twoflower Micromeria