Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。皮膚感染之一種,出《備急千金要方》卷二十二。又名天火、丹熛、火丹等,命名繁多。孫氏稱:“肉中忽有赤如丹塗之色,大者如手掌,甚者遍身,有癢有腫,無其定色。有血丹者,肉中腫起,癢而復痛,微虛腫如吹狀,隱疹起也;有雞冠丹者,赤色而起,大者如連線,小者如麻豆粒狀,肉上粟粟如雞冠肌理也,一名茱萸丹;有水丹者,由遍體熱起,遇水濕摶之結丹,晃晃黃赤,色如有水在皮中,喜著股及陰處。此雖小疾,不治令人至死。”因患部赤如塗丹,熱如火灼,故名。該病之發多突然而起,發無定處。多因火毒邪風感於肌膚鬱蘊而突發。或因發於頭部者名曰抱頭火丹,或因發無定處者命名為赤游丹,或因發於下肢者又稱為流火。辨證尚需註意:發於上部者多為風熱化火;發於下部者或系濕熱化火;或有因外傷感染而引起者。初起,患部鮮紅片,邊緣清晰,灼熱,痛癢間作或並見,多迅速蔓延擴大。患者頭痛口渴,惡寒壯熱。甚者高燒,神昏譫語,煩躁不安,噁心嘔吐等,此即毒邪內攻之險證。治宜清熱解毒,涼血化瘀之法。具體用藥當辨其證候而施治。一般對抱頭火丹者可選用普濟消毒飲,流火則宜選用龍膽瀉肝湯之類,重症之有內陷者,宜參內陷證施治,或選用蘭葉散、消丹飲之類加減,孫思邈之諸丹神驗方亦可用之。外治多用復方黃連膏,或選四色散敷貼。亦可以赤小豆一升為細末,或以榆樹根白皮為細末,用雞子白合如泥狀,遍塗丹處。若局部焮熱赤痛明顯者,可用金花散敷之,亦可用升麻榻湯外洗。即溶血性鏈球菌引起之皮膚炎症。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

大青葉

大青葉

Woad Leaf - Big Green Leaf, Foliumisatidis, Indigowoad Leaf, Leaf Of Indigowoad

連翹

連翹

Forsythia Fruit

側柏葉

側柏葉

Leafy Twig Of Arbor Vitae, Biota Leaves, Flat Fir Leaves

板藍根

板藍根

Woad Root, Radixisatidis, Indigowoad Root, Root Of Indigowoad, Indigowoad Root, Root Of Indigowoad

金銀花

金銀花

Honeysuckle Flower -Gold Silver Flower, Wild Honey Suckle Flower, Honey Suckle Flower, Japanese Honey Suckle, Honeysuckle Flower, Japanese Honeysuckle

芒硝

芒硝

Glauber'S Salt, Mirabilite, Sodium Sulfate, Natrii Sulfas

香蕉

香蕉

Banana

綠豆粉

綠豆粉

Mung Bean Powder, Green Gram Powder

火麻仁

火麻仁

Cannibis Seeds, Fire Hemp Seeds

白僵蠶

白僵蠶

Bombyx Batryticatus,White Silkworm

土茯苓

土茯苓

Greenbriar Rhizome, Smilax, Rhizomasmilacisglabrae, Glabrous Green Brier Rhizome, Rhizome Of Glabrous Greenbrier, Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome, Rhizome Of Glabrous Greenbrier

蜈蚣

蜈蚣

Centipede, , Scolopendra

白僵蠶

白僵蠶

Bombyx Batryticatus,White Silkworm

綠豆

綠豆

Mung Beans, Mung Bean, Green Gram

馬齒莧

馬齒莧

Herbaportulacae

牛黃

牛黃

Cattle Yellow, Cow Gallstone, Bezoar