Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。出《金匱要略·痰飲咳嗽病脈證並治》。但此書記述之痰飲有廣義和狹義的理解。廣義則概括多種飲病,包括痰飲、懸飲、溢飲、支飲等。此數種中之痰飲,則屬狹義之範疇。痰飲由體內水濕不化所釀生。《赤水玄珠》卷六:“痰飲。膠固稠粘者,痰也;清而稀薄者,飲也。”費伯雄則謂:“痰飲者先生痰而後停飲,積水為病也。”(《醫醇剩義》卷三)後世根據停飲部位、停飲久暫的不同,又分為流飲、留飲、支飲、溢飲、懸飲、癖飲、伏飲、肺飲等不同。臨床表現的證候較為紛繁,如頭暈目眩,耳鳴,口眼瞤動;或噯氣吞酸,嘈雜嘔噦,或咽嗌不利,吞之不下,咯之不出,咳吐絮狀粘痰;或心下如停冰,心中冷痛時作;或夢見怪誕、鬼魅;或足腕酸軟,腰背卒痛;或四肢骨節煩疼而無定處,乃至手麻、臂痛,狀如挫閃;或脊背有一如掌大之寒痛區;或表現為繞頸核塊;或皮膚如有蟲行感;或發為癲狂、中風;或見心下怔忡,心悸,如人將捕之;或喘嗽、嘔吐;或嘔出冷涎、黑水、綠汁等。由於痰飲病多由脾、肺、腎功能失調,影響人體水液正常輸化所致,故宜溫補脾腎治其本;利水、宣肺、逐飲治其標。又:痰飲作為飲證之一,系指水濕之邪留於腸胃所致。《金匱要略》:“其人素盛今瘦,水走腸間,瀝瀝有聲,謂之痰飲。”治宜溫陽化飲,方用苓桂術甘湯、金匱腎氣丸等。張仲景所論此狹義之痰飲,後世亦名流飲。參見該條。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

桂枝

桂枝

Cinnamon Twig, Cassia Twig

生薑

生薑

Skin Of Ginger Root, Fresh Ginger, Common Ginger, Gingerrace, Ginger Juice

細辛

細辛

Thin Spicy, Herbaasari, Manchurian Wildginger, Herb Of Manchurian Wildginger, Herb Of Seoul Wildginger, Herb Of Siebold Wildginger

蒼朮

蒼朮

Rhizome Of Swordlike Atractylodes, Rhizome Chinese Atractylodes, Rhizome Japanese Atractylodes, Rhizome Korea Atractylodes, Rhizome Of Simplicifolious Atractylode

半夏

半夏

Pinellia Rhizome, Half Summer, Tuberofpinellia, Pinellia Tuber, Tuber Of Pinellia

沉香

沉香

Aloeswood, Sinking Fragrance, Chinese Eaglewood, Wood Of Chinese Eaglewood

白朮

白朮

Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome, Rhizome Of Largehead Atractylodes

山楂

山楂

Hawthorn Fruit, Hawthorn Fruit, Fruit Of Chinese Hawthorn, Fruit Of Large Chinese Hawthorn, Fruit Of Nippon Hawthorn, Fruit Of Hupeh Hawthon , Fruit Of Redhaw Hawthorn , Fruit Of Yannan Hawthorn

艾葉

艾葉

Mugwort Leaf, Artemesia, Argy Worm Wood Leaf , Aiye, Argyi Leaf , Folium Artemisiae Argyi, Artemisia Leaf , Artemisiae Argyi Folium, Chinese Mugwort Leaf, Folium Artemisiae Argyi, Dried Leaf Of Artemisi

淡豆豉

淡豆豉

Fermentedsoybean, Fermented Soybean

厚朴

厚朴

Magnolia Bark

鹽

Salt

鴨跖草

鴨跖草

Herbacommelinae, Common Dayflower Herb, Common Dayflower Herb

熟地黃

熟地黃

Foxglove Root In Wine, Cooked Earth Yellow, Preparedrhizome Of Adhesive Rehmannia, Prepared Rhizome Of Adhesive Rehmannia

旋覆花

旋覆花

Inula Flower, Revolved, Upturned Flower, Inula Flower, Flower Of Japanese Inula, Flower Of Linearleaf Inula, Flower Of British Inula