Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。指發生於頸部、腋下等處淋巴結之慢性感染疾患者。亦名鼠瘺、鼠瘡、老鼠瘡、九子瘡、鼠癧、走鼠瘡、螻蛄癧、延珠瘭、野瘭、串瘡等。《靈樞·寒熱》:“寒熱瘰癧,在於頸項者。”該病多因肺腎陰虛,肝氣久鬱,虛火內灼,煉液為痰,或受風火邪毒侵擾,痰火結於頸 、項、腋、胯之間而成。古人認為小者為瘰,大者為癧。症見初起腫塊如豆,數目不等,皮色不變,推之能動,不熱不痛。繼則融合成塊,推之不移。後期可自潰,潰後膿汁稀薄,其中或夾有豆渣樣物質,此愈彼起,久不收口,可形成竇道或漏管。相當於淋巴結結核、慢性淋巴結炎等病。治法:初期宜疏肝解鬱,軟堅化痰,用逍遙散合二陳湯加減或服消瘰丸。後期以滋補肝腎為主,用六味地黃丸加沙參、麥冬等。如屬風熱結毒,應以祛風清熱為主,佐以軟堅散結。服防風消毒飲。未潰者外用陽和解凝膏。已潰者可外用丹藥或生肌散。如有空腔或竇道者,可用千金散藥線以祛腐生肌,亦可手術將壞死部位切除。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

夏枯草

夏枯草

Selfheal Spike Ë Summer Withered Herbî, Spicaprunellae, Fruit-Spike Of Common Selfheal, Common Selfheal Fruit- Spike

仙鶴草

仙鶴草

Hairyvein Agrimonia Herband Bud, Herb Of Hairyvein Agrimonia

連翹

連翹

Forsythia Fruit

蘆薈

蘆薈

Alo Vera-Dried Concentrate Of The Aloe Leaf, Aloes

白花蛇舌草

白花蛇舌草

White-Patterned Snake, Agkristodon Acutus Zoolog, Spreading Hedyotis Herb

蒼耳子

蒼耳子

Cocklebur Fruit, Xanthium, Fructusxanthii, Siberian Cocklour Fruit, Fruit Of Siberian Cocklebur

白薇

白薇

Swallowwort Root, Radixcynanchiatrati, Blackend Swallow Wort Root, Root Of Blackend Swallowwort, Root Of Versicolorous Swallowwort, Root Of Versicolorous Swallowwort

白芷

白芷

Chinese Angelica Root, Dahuricae Angelica Root, Taiwan Angelica Root, Root Of Dahuricae Angelica, Rootof Taiwan Angelica, Root Of Scabrous Cowparsnip

牡蠣

牡蠣

Oyster Shell, Aged Or Fresh

薄荷

薄荷

Mentha, Field Mint, Wild Mint, Herb Of Wild Mint, Peppermint

白笈

白笈

Bletilla Rhizome

金銀花

金銀花

Honeysuckle Flower -Gold Silver Flower, Wild Honey Suckle Flower, Honey Suckle Flower, Japanese Honey Suckle, Honeysuckle Flower, Japanese Honeysuckle

荊芥

荊芥

Herba Schizonepetae, Fine Leaf Schizonepeta Herb, Herb Of Fine Leaf Schizonepeta

黃耆

黃耆

Milk-Vetch Root

海藻

海藻

Sargassum, Seaweed

何首烏

何首烏

Fleeceflower Root, Black-Haired Mr. He, Radixpolygonimultiflori