Chinese Herb Database

中藥單方資料庫

病名。指鼻腔時流濁涕的病證。俗名腦漏。《素問·氣厥論》:“膽移熱於腦,則辛頞鼻淵。鼻淵者,濁涕下不止也。”《素問·至真要大論》:“少陰之復,甚則入肺,咳而鼻淵。”沈金鰲謂此病:“由風寒凝入腦戶,與太陽濕熱交蒸而成。或飲酒多而熱熾,風邪乘之,風熱鬱不散而成。”(《雜病源流犀燭·鼻病》)。臨床可分之為急性、慢性。急性除鼻流濁涕外,多有惡寒發熱、頭痛鼻塞等表證。宜清散風熱,用蒼耳散、辛夷散、防風通聖散等方;慢性則病期較長,症現鼻塞,頻流濁涕而氣臭,嗅覺明顯減退,頭額脹痛等。宜清泄肺熱,用辛夷清肺散、取淵散等方。鼻淵多見於急慢性副鼻竇炎,亦可見於重症慢性鼻膜炎。可以改善此現象的清單列表如下:

麻黃

麻黃

Hemp Yellow

薄荷

薄荷

Mentha, Field Mint, Wild Mint, Herb Of Wild Mint, Peppermint

蒼耳子

蒼耳子

Cocklebur Fruit, Xanthium, Fructusxanthii, Siberian Cocklour Fruit, Fruit Of Siberian Cocklebur

蜂蜜

蜂蜜

Winter Or Spring Honey

細辛

細辛

Thin Spicy, Herbaasari, Manchurian Wildginger, Herb Of Manchurian Wildginger, Herb Of Seoul Wildginger, Herb Of Siebold Wildginger

白芷

白芷

Chinese Angelica Root, Dahuricae Angelica Root, Taiwan Angelica Root, Root Of Dahuricae Angelica, Rootof Taiwan Angelica, Root Of Scabrous Cowparsnip

蓽茇

蓽茇

Long Pepper Fruit

玉米鬚

玉米鬚

Corn Stigma

辛夷花

辛夷花

Magnolia Flower

鵝不食草

鵝不食草

Small Centipeda Herb, Herbacentipedae, Small Centipeda Herb

鬱李仁

鬱李仁

Yu Li Ren, Chinese Dwarf Cherry Seed Dwarf Flowering Cherry Seed Longstalk Peach Seed, Seed Of Chinese Dwarf Cherry, Seed Of Bunge Cherry, Seed Of Dwarf Flowering Cherry, Seed Of Chinese Bushcherry, Seed Of Down

紅頭小仙

紅頭小仙

Herb Of Pubescent Blumea

白螺螄殼

白螺螄殼

Spiral Shell

泡囊草

泡囊草

Root Or Herb Of Common Physochlaina

寶蓋草

寶蓋草

Herb Of Henbit Deadnettle, Henbit Deadnettle